Pescamazon - Destinations

Amazonia generates a true excitement in the world of sport fishing. More an more north-american flyfishermen and more recently europeans come to Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, and andean countries. If flyfishing in subtropical America is still in its infancy, it appears that this modality knows a growing interest, and probably will become a great technique of the future. But for the time being, for lack of local mentors, the some flyfishing addicts are forced to draw largely their inspiration from the north american school. We dont't doubt that an independent amazonian school will soon emerge from these influences.

In Amazonia, when we speak about flyfishing, we are obliged to omit any mention of entomlogy, as opportunities to operate traditional dry fly fall within the exception, and are so rare that they cannot serve as basis directed by immuable and constant rules. But we can of course discuss the many other aspects, so if you're an avid fly-fisher and looking into the cheapest airline tickets to get you to the Amazon as quick as possible, then do read on, by all means.

In the jungle, the nature is generous in all kinds of manifestations whether floral or animals. The insect kingdom is not forgotten, and these far countries of south America are a true paradise for the entomologist, and disciples of Frederic Halford. There are myriads of caddis, dipters, sialis, ephemeropters, and even at dusk, carpets of spents at the surface of rivers and lakes. Then, terrestrials, like grasshoppers, locusts, crickets, and to close this inventory, beetles, including the largest in the world. In a word, there is, in tropical America anything that, according to the norms of temperate countries, would do rise at the surface a whole aquatic world, which for obscure reasons that find answer in ethology compared, seams to have an extremely limited propensity for insects. Only a few bait-fish whose size does not exceed that of a minnow, seems to rise really with regularity on hatches of littles ephemeras at nightfall.

We 'll never pretend of course, that a big beetle accidently fallen into the water will not be caught by a predator, but the size o these insects is such that it's difficult to imagine an other lure than a sea popper to constitute an imitation or at least a possible figuration. So, except ignorance or lack of informations from our part, due to the wastness of a world where everything have to be discovered, It's obvious that the temperate countries flyfisherman freshly landed in Amazonia, should have the humility to leave aside almost its passed experience, and only keep a few basic elements as the cast, althought it is subject to circumstancial adjustments, or its few attemps with lure-flies, either on black-bass, pike or trouts in running and still water.

This site is consecrated, as its name suggest to original flyfishing in Amazon. But under this generic, we mean rain-forest flyfishing in general, with extensions to mangroves that are also jungles in the same areas of the planet, that offer great possibilities of flyfishing too, against other interesting species of game fish of salt and brackish water.

Fishing Spots:

When one thinks about fishing in Amazon, one immediately imagines a turbid water river slowly going through an impenetrable jungle. But, it should be known that at the opposite of this sempiternal stereotype, also exist clear and transparent waters, currents, large pools flowing on sandy and rocky bottoms, which without some tropical floristic elements, would look like salmonids streams of Europe and North America. Other rivers that cut their bed in the midst of vasts savannahs or even in grassy meadows and marshes, have the indeniable appearence of chalk streams or spring creeks. To all that, we'll add the myriad of natural lakes, subsidies from the flooded forest during the rainy season, or pharaonic proportionned hydroelectric dams. We'll not forget the areas of mangroves which are also real jungles, sheltering salt and brackish water species, that are also first choice " customers" for the flyfisherman.

If there is a certain community of species in these waters, there are of course many features that require special techniques which are not as different as would be imagined of those that are traditionnaly used in our temperate countries, and which are in fact nothing less than circumstantial adjustments to the elements and our potential adversaries.
According to the topographies encountered, we will operate sometimes by boat on plane areas where the shoreline vegetation is dense, or something walking or even wading, in other places where relief and sparse flora will offer to us providential sand and rocky islands from where we'll cast our flies.

For obvious reasons, we have to fish tough in Amazonia. The tackle has to be robust and adapted to powerful, rapid, and often large adversaries which will try to take refuge in vegetation once striked. So the more suitable outfit ( rod, reel, fly-line) to those waters is indoubtedly the saltwater tackle used for tarpon, snook and permit. Thus equiped, you will be able to confront etherything that has fins in Amazonia.

Tip and fast action with a powerful backbone, to propel  rapidly bulky flies and large poppers with a few false casts on posts, and sudden activities of fish to the surface, and also to apply substantial pressure to stop these terrific fighters  from running into the structures and other underwater obstructions. So, 8 to 10 weight rods  are the more suitable  for Amazonia  and its formidable game-fishes. Major american firms currently produce the best rods in the world, but now, some houses of Asia and Europe, begin to offer on the market excellent models at very attractive prices.
Salt water type, for baby-tarpon and snook, with a good and smooth disc brake, and an important reserve of backing, to control the powerful rushes of our adversaries toward the obstacles. The americans propose again fantastic reels perfectly designed and conceived by authentic flyfishermen. But, once again, Asia and Europe begin to compete with the United States.

Once again, it will be necessary to refer to the outfit used in the sea. Therefore, the line will be saltwater  or bass bug taper profiled , designed to cast easely voluminous poppers and flies that sometimes confined to gigantism. Many  firms offer on the market specialty "tropicalized" lines that will not become  noodles under the effects of the hot  climate. Those lines are a good choice.

Depending of lures and water level, we'll use several types of lines:
- floating for normal waters, streamer and poppers fishing
- intermediate for normal and a little high water and streamer fishing
- sinking(S1, S2), for the early season and streamer fishing
- floating with high density sinking tip (300, 400 grains) by high water, in the biggining of the season or on the contrary, by very low and warm water, when the fish takes refuge in depht, looking for colder water.
But it exists a compromise quite acceptable, which avoid to stuff your pockets with a lot of spare spools.These are the lines known as " multi tip" or " versi tip", wich are compound of a  floating belly with several interchangeables tips of differents densities: a floating , an intermediate , a sinking  ( S1 or S2), and a high density tips. The only thing we could reproach to these lines, is to be less enjoyable to cast than conventional  lines.

If you are attracted by the prospect to break IGFA records, you must conform to the sacrosanct rules of this institution, and to refer to certain standards. But if you really want to have fun, and release your fishes in good shape and health, knowing that its chances of survival  are inversely proportional to the duration of the fight, don't hesitate to use a solid monofilament( hard nylon or fluorocarbon), of 35 or 40 Lbs, that sometimes is not sufficient.
And in conclusion of this chapter, if you pursuit toothy species like payaras or piranhas, don't forget to end you leader with a  wire shock-tippet.

Amazonian fish is not yet very solicited with flies. That does'nt mean that it is stupid and  pulls with ferocity on  anything that moves. And as each fish in the world, it educates quickly, and reacts exactly to the same stimuli that the game fishes of temperate countries
The fly tying is an art, and it would be a pity to leave the pleasure to dress beautiful flies,  but the attractive power of a simple pattern is often higher than the one of any sophisticated creation of your imagination. However enjoy: Amazonia is a giant field of investigations for your imitations. While some models of flies very simples  operate very well in these waters, others more elaborated imitations like the famous productions of Enrico Puglisi(, to compliment this great fly dresser, have an incredible effectiveness.

In reality,  there is not one but several techniques for each fish, according to  various factors that are  seasons,  water levels,  fishing places and  local food. Also we recommend you to go to chapters devoted to species where each case is considered individually, even though there is constancy in the way to proceed. Flyfishing on this type of waters, is pure provocation fishing. It consists to arouse the agressivity of predators by offering suggestions or imitations of what constitue its habitual or casual menu, and going on to solicit it into his hiding or lurking-place.The fish is rarely marauding, with the exception of course of major species such as tarpon or arapaima, that beyond a certain size, dont know other predators than  big Amazonia otters or caimans. 
Of course we'll have to consider the multiples parameters that are water color, sunshine, temperature, factors sometimes combined with the influence of the tides in coastal zone. But all these datas are universal regardless of the latitudes in which we operate. A predator stays a predator whatever the place in the world where you stretch your fly line. Nothing looks more like a carnivorous lurking-place than an other carnivorous lurking-place. Dead woods, shoreline foliages, grass-beds, excavations in the bank, rocky caches, are common to all game fishes of the globe.
In Amazonian waters, predatory fish is very aggressive, probably more than anywhere else on the planet. Its attacks always occur in haste, because by leaving even during a flash of lighning its cache for so-called solitaries species, or temporarely abandonning the collective protection of its likes for so-called gregarious species, it's taking  the risk, going  to acomplish a predation, to become oneself the prey of an other specie,  or of a larger congenery, because here as elsewhere, the canibalism is the rule. In brieve, survival stays in absolute immobility or mimesis.

So, each  movement must go fastly. In this environment, any exceptional or abnormal behavior is automatically regulated by all sorts of cleaners and eliminators of the river which the piranhas are the most famous.This is indubitably what explains the reasons why a fast stripped fly generates more attacks than a slower stripped one with a feint hesitation, as in the case of  flyfishing for pike or musky for example. We'll rarely assist to the spectacle of a carnivorous slowly following your imitation, before swallowing it, but almost always to flashy-attacks of fishes arose from nowhere. This is particularly true in acid and poor biogenic midst as the dark waters of the rio Negro basin, for example, where the low abundance of bait-fish, turn every fry swimming far away from its territory, an alimentary opportunity that must not be let slip away.

It's a methodic prospection of fishing posts and manifestations of fish activity at the surface. So, flyfishing becomes a real competitor of lure casting or spinning, with streamers and poppers whose actions, appearances, sizes and colours remain  wobblers and  stick-baits. Everywhere we can cast spinning lures, we also can flyfish, and reciprocaly.
So It's no uncommon to see a flyfisherman and a fisherman whith lures operating together on the same boat in a perfect osmosis.


The Pescamazon crew's members participate to various fishing trips in Amazon. We invite you to join us. Though we are specialized in flyfishing, we also know very well the other techniques. So all fishermen are welcome.
  • Negro River
    Peacock-bass and all amazonian species. Fishing in various rivers, following the seasons and the level of water: Negro River and its tributaries, Trombetas, Nhamunda and Tapajos Rivers.

  • Trombetas River (Camp.)
    Fishing essentially walking and wading in alternating currents, pools and lakes. A paradise for amazonian flyfishing: peacock-bass, payara, trahira, bicuda, matrincha, jacunda, piranhas, pacus, etc..